"For the honour of the Blessed Trinity … we declare and define Blessed Teresa of Kolkata to be a saint and we enrol her among the saints, decreeing that she is to be venerated as such by the whole Church," Pope Francis, who presided over the ceremony, said in Latin.
The pontiff said that even though the nun had been declared a saint, she would always be Mother Teresa to the Catholic family. Echoing his own vision of a "poor church for the poor", Pope Francis described Mother Teresa's work as "eloquent witness to God's closeness to the poorest of the poor".
"Mother Teresa loved to say, 'perhaps I don't speak their language but I can smile'," he said. "Let us carry her smile in our hearts and give it to those whom we meet along our journey, especially those who suffer." Pope Francis also used his sermon to recall Mother Teresa's fervent opposition to abortion, which she termed "murder by the mother" in a controversial Nobel Peace prize speech in 1979. Helicopters had earlier buzzed over the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, testifying to the huge but relatively discreet security operation under way. Around 3,000 officers were on duty to ensure the day passed off peacefully.